Air pollution can pose a big threat to health apart from environment. The combined effects of ambient and household air pollution cause millions of premature deaths every year. Air pollution can increase risk of mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer and acute respiratory infections. Constant exposure to air pollutants can cause multiple health hazards, especially over a long duration. The most harmful is the PM2.5 particle that can penetrate deep into lung pathways and even enter the bloodstream, gaining access to any organ. Here are some ways to prevent ourselves from harmful effects of air pollution.
- Stay indoors as much as possible. Wear N95 masks instead of cloth ones when stepping out in these conditions.
2. Avoid exercising outdoors, especially in the mornings, when there is heavy smog (smoke + fog); prefer exercising indoors.
3. Use air purifiers at home, if possible, to keep the air clean and change the filters at regular intervals.
4. Plant saplings like Peace Lily, Aloe Vera, Spider Plant act as natural air purifiers, which can help you to breathe easy indoors.
5. Don’t smoke indoors; encourage yourself and others not to smoke.
6. Stay hydrated and eat immunity-boosting fruits, vegetables, and legumes.